Geographical location of the Penza Region
The Penza region in present-day borders was formed on February 4, 1939. It is located on the East European (Russian) plain and occupies the middle and western part of the Volga Upland. The area of the territory is:
From west to east - 330 km;
From north to south - 204 km;
Area - 43.3 thousand square km.
The population of the region is 1379.8 thousand people; There are almost 80 peoples and nationalities that live in the Penza region.
The rural population is 461.9 thousand people. There are 11 cities and 16 urban-type settlements in the Penza Region. Some big cities of the area are: Kuznetsk - 87.7 thousand people, Kamenka - 39.1 thousand people, Serdobsk - 35.0 thousand people.
The proximity of large industrial centers and convenient transport and geographical position allow using imported raw materials and fuel, providing links for cooperation, sale of finished products. The geopolitical position of the region - the position on the political and administrative map - is quite favorable because the nearby regions are politically stable, with a similar ethnic and religious content of the population, remoteness from external borders. Due to the relatively small size of the territory and the high availability of transport routes, the region is characterized by the permeability of space for investment. Due to a favorable combination of natural conditions for the development of agriculture, it is sufficiently independent in terms of food.